GNU Scientific Library -- Reference Manual

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This file documents the GNU Scientific Library (GSL), a collection of numerical routines for scientific computing. It corresponds to release 1.15 of the library. Please report any errors in this manual to

More information about GSL can be found at the project homepage,

Printed copies of this manual can be purchased from Network Theory Ltd at The money raised from sales of the manual helps support the development of GSL.

A Japanese translation of this manual is available from the GSL project homepage thanks to Daisuke Tominaga.

Copyright © 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 The GSL Team.

Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.3 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with the Invariant Sections being “GNU General Public License” and “Free Software Needs Free Documentation”, the Front-Cover text being “A GNU Manual”, and with the Back-Cover Text being (a) (see below). A copy of the license is included in the section entitled “GNU Free Documentation License”.

(a) The Back-Cover Text is: “You have the freedom to copy and modify this GNU Manual.”