Defined in header <utility>
template< class T >
typename std::remove_reference<T>::type&& move( T&& t );
(since C++11)

std::move obtains an rvalue reference to its argument. Rvalue references are otherwise only produced by temporary objects, so library code that's passed an rvalue reference to a resource-owning object has the option (but isn't required) to move the resource out of the argument in order to run more quickly, leaving the argument with an empty value. The library code is required to leave a valid value in the argument, but unless the type or function documents otherwise, there are no other constraints on the resulting argument value. This means that it's generally wisest to avoid using a moved from argument again. If you have to use it again, be sure to re-initialize it with a known value before doing so.


[edit] Parameters

t - the object to be moved

[edit] Return value

static_cast<typename std::remove_reference<T>::type&&>(t)

[edit] Exceptions

noexcept specification:  
  (since C++11)

[edit] Example

#include <iostream>
#include <utility>
#include <vector>
#include <string>
int main()
    std::string str = "Hello";
    std::vector<std::string> v;
    // uses the push_back(const T&) overload, which means 
    // we'll incur the cost of copying str
    std::cout << "After copy, str is \"" << str << "\"\n";
    // uses the rvalue reference push_back(T&&) overload, 
    // which means no strings will copied; instead, the contents
    // of str will be moved into the vector.  This is less
    // expensive, but also means str might now be empty.
    std::cout << "After move, str is \"" << str << "\"\n";
    std::cout << "The contents of the vector are \"" << v[0]
                                         << "\", \"" << v[1] << "\"\n";


After copy, str is "Hello"
After move, str is ""
The contents of the vector are "Hello", "Hello"

[edit] Complexity


[edit] See also

forwards a function argument
(function template)
obtains an rvalue reference if the move constructor does not throw
(function template)